Antigens: substances that provoke an immune response in the body. The body produces antibodies to fight antigens, or harmful substances, to try to eliminate them.
Benign tumor: a non-cancerous growth that usually does not spread to nearby tissues or other parts of the body.
Cancer: a general term for more than 100 diseases in which there is an uncontrolled, abnormal growth of cells. Cancer cells can spread to other parts of the body.
Duodenum: the first part of the small intestine, connecting with the lower opening of the stomach and extending to the jejunum.
Enema: injection of fluid into the rectum and colon to cause a bowel movement.
Fistula: an abnormal connection that forms between two internal organs or between two different parts of the intestine. This is a common complication of Crohn’s disease.
Gas: a product of digestion that is made primarily of odorless vapors. The unpleasant odor is due to bacteria in the large intestine. Everyone has gas and eliminates it by burping or passing it through the rectum. Most people produce one to three pints of intestinal gas in 24 hours, and pass gas an average of 14 times a day.
Hormones: chemicals produced by glands in the body. Hormones control the actions of certain cells or organs.
Incontinence (bowel): loss of bowel control.
Jejunum: the second portion of the small intestine extending from the duodenum to the ileum.
Keloid: A thick, irregular scar caused by excessive tissue growth at the site of an incision or wound.
Lymph: clear fluid that travels through the lymphatic system and carries cells that help fight infection and disease.
Malignant: cancerous; can spread to other parts of the body.
Nitrates: substances found in some foods, especially meats, prepared by drying, smoking, salting or pickling. Nitrates are thought to cause cancer.